What is Project Management?
According to the Project Management Institute’s (PMI)® A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge® (PMBOK® Guide), “Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.” If you’re new to project management, this definition might have left you scratching your head in confusion. So, what exactly is it that project managers do?
Essentially, the project manager is accountable for the success or failure of a project. Typical responsibilities of a project manager include:
· Planning, Executing, and Closing Projects — defining the project, building its comprehensive work plan, and managing to the budget
· Managing Teams — facilitating commitment and productivity, removing obstacles, and motivating team members
· Managing Expectations — aligning projects to business goals, managing stakeholders, and communicating project status, milestones, and unexpected difficulties effectively
A project manager may need to wear multiple hats; for example, some project managers need to assist with the gathering of business requirements and/or may work full time on a large project or even part-time on multiple, smaller-sized projects.
Also, it’s important to remember that project managers are not expected to carry out all of the project work themselves. Project managers have project teams working under them who help to achieve all of the objectives of the project; however, if something goes astray with the project, the project manager is always ultimately accountable.